CentOS 源使用帮助

说明

CentOS 软件源

收录架构

x86_64, i386

收录版本

7, 8

使用说明

警告

操作前请做好相应备份。

对于 CentOS 8,使用以下命令替换默认的配置

sudo sed -e 's|^mirrorlist=|#mirrorlist=|g' \
         -e 's|^#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/$contentdir|baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos|g' \
         -i.bak \
         /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo \
         /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo \
         /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo \
         /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo \
         /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo

对于 CentOS 7,使用以下命令替换默认配置

sudo sed -e 's|^mirrorlist=|#mirrorlist=|g' \
         -e 's|^#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos|baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos|g' \
         -i.bak \
         /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

以上命令只替换了默认启用的仓库。替换之后请运行 yum makecache 更新缓存。

以下是替换之后的文件:

警告

以下给出的 CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repoCentOS-Linux-Plus.repo 设置了默认为停用状态。如需启用,请将 enabled=0 改为 enabled=1

  • CentOS 8:

    /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo 文件:

    # CentOS-Linux-BaseOS.repo
    #
    # The mirrorlist system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick current mirrors that are geographically
    # close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates unless you are
    # manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    # If the mirrorlist does not work for you, you can try the commented out
    # baseurl line instead.
    
    [baseos]
    name=CentOS Linux $releasever - BaseOS
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=BaseOS&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/BaseOS/$basearch/os/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=1
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
    

    /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo 文件:

    # CentOS-Linux-Extras.repo
    #
    # The mirrorlist system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick current mirrors that are geographically
    # close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates unless you are
    # manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    # If the mirrorlist does not work for you, you can try the commented out
    # baseurl line instead.
    
    [extras]
    name=CentOS Linux $releasever - Extras
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/os/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=1
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
    

    /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo 文件:

    # CentOS-Linux-AppStream.repo
    #
    # The mirrorlist system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick current mirrors that are geographically
    # close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates unless you are
    # manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    # If the mirrorlist does not work for you, you can try the commented out
    # baseurl line instead.
    
    [appstream]
    name=CentOS Linux $releasever - AppStream
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=AppStream&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/AppStream/$basearch/os/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=1
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
    

    /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo 文件:

    # CentOS-Linux-PowerTools.repo
    #
    # The mirrorlist system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick current mirrors that are geographically
    # close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates unless you are
    # manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    # If the mirrorlist does not work for you, you can try the commented out
    # baseurl line instead.
    
    [powertools]
    name=CentOS Linux $releasever - PowerTools
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=PowerTools&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/PowerTools/$basearch/os/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=0
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
    

    /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo 文件:

    # CentOS-Linux-Plus.repo
    #
    # The mirrorlist system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick current mirrors that are geographically
    # close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates unless you are
    # manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    # If the mirrorlist does not work for you, you can try the commented out
    # baseurl line instead.
    
    [plus]
    name=CentOS Linux $releasever - Plus
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/os/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=0
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial
    
  • CentOS 7:

    /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo 文件:

    # CentOS-Base.repo
    #
    # The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
    # update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
    # geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
    # unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
    #
    # If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
    # remarked out baseurl= line instead.
    #
    #
    
    [base]
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
    
    #released updates
    [updates]
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
    
    #additional packages that may be useful
    [extras]
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7
    
    #additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
    [centosplus]
    name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
    #mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus&infra=$infra
    baseurl=https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
    gpgcheck=1
    enabled=0
    gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-7